What is a charbagh-style garden? I came across this term in reference to a garden (Mehtab Bagh) situated across the way from the Taj Mahal….with no idea what it meant, I investigated.
Chalukyan style is Char bagh (or Charbagh) – The Islamic Square Garden
I found a great website about Indian architecture that had this to say:
Fergusson, who chronicled Indian architecture, called the temple architectural style of the Middle Ages, the Chalukyan style, after the dynasty that ruled during that period. This name is not used anymore. n Char bagh – The square garden. Char Bagh, an Islamic design, is a large square garden dvided into four smaller quadrants and water channels.
You can see the four quadrants in the plan for a Char Bagh-style roof garden at the Ismaili Center in South Kensington, London.
“In the Islamic style of architecture, the garden is not just another feature but has a well-defined meaning, and it symbolizes spirituality. According to the Holy Koran, a garden is symbolic of paradise. In Islam, it is believed that there are four rivers in paradise: one of water, the other of milk, the third of wine, and the fourth of honey. From this concept, the Charbagh style of garden planning took root”.
The Ksar Char-Bagh Hotel beautifully used this design concept for the grounds of the hotel in Marrakech, Morocco.
SpaWorld has this description:
“There is water all around Ksar Char-Bagh a moat at the entrance, irrigation canals running around the gardens and grounds, the fountains, flowing over pebbles next to the stairs to the suites for Char-Bagh is the place in the Garden of Paradise where all the rivers meet.”
Add it to the list of places to go….